June 18, 2024

Starting out:

A chronic inflammatory gut disease (IBD) called Ulcerative Colitis (UC) affects millions of people around the world. The lining of the colon and rectum becomes inflamed and ulcerated, and UC often causes painful, uncomfortable, and exhausting symptoms like cramping, pain, and inflammation. Effectively managing pain is a must for improving the quality of life for people with UC. Thanks to modern medicine, there are many ways to ease the pain and discomfort of this disease. It is the purpose of this piece to discuss effective ways to relieve pain in individuals with ulcerative colitis.

Understanding Ulcerative Colitis:

Prior to exploring ways to ease the pain, it is important to comprehend what ulcerative colitis is. Symptoms of this inflammatory bowel disease include stomach pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, tiredness, and weight loss. Individuals with UC can feel pain that ranges in intensity and length, which has a big effect on their daily lives and general health.

Pain relief methods that work:


Pain relievers and inflammation-fighters

It is normal for people with mild to moderate UC to start treatment with aminosalicylates, which help reduce inflammation in the colon.

Corticosteroids: When UC flare-ups get moderate to serious, corticosteroids like prednisone may be required to lower inflammation and ease pain.

Immunomodulators: Drugs like azathioprine and mercaptopurine can quiet the immune system’s overactive reaction, which lowers pain and inflammation.

Biomedical treatments:

To help people with mild to severe UC feel better, biologics like infliximab, adalimumab, and vedolizumab target specific proteins in the immune system. This lowers inflammation and eases symptoms.

Pharmaceutical companies usually only give these medicines to people whose conditions have not improved with standard treatments or who need long-term care for their condition.

Pain-Relieving Methods:

Changing your diet:

Eating certain foods may make ulcerative colitis symptoms worse and cause stomach pain. Asthma sufferers are often told to stay away from foods that make their symptoms worse, like spicy foods, dairy products, coffee, and foods high in fiber.

Limiting your intake of high-fiber foods on a low-residue diet can help you have fewer bowel movements and less stomach pain.

Lessening Stress:

Chronic stress can make ulcerative colitis symptoms worse, like stomach pain. Stress management and pain relief can be helped by doing relaxation exercises like progressive muscle relaxation, deep breathing, and meditation.

In addition to lowering stress, regular exercise like walking, swimming, or riding can also make you feel better overall.

Pain Medications:

Temporarily relieving mild to moderate stomach pain caused by ulcerative colitis may be possible with over-the-counter pain killers like acetaminophen (Tylenol).

But nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen and naproxen should be avoided because they can make UC symptoms worse and inflammation worse.

Alternative and complementary therapies:

In the case of acupuncture:

Individuals with ulcerative colitis who receive acupuncture, a traditional Chinese medicine technique that involves inserting thin needles into certain points on the body, report less pain and inflammation.

Additional studies are needed to fully understand how well it works, but some patients say that acupuncture sessions greatly reduce abdominal pain and discomfort.


Probiotics, which are beneficial bacteria that promote gut health, may help ease symptoms of ulcerative colitis, including abdominal pain and bloating.

Certain strains of probiotics, such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, have been studied for their potential role in reducing inflammation and improving symptoms in people with UC. c. Herbal Remedies:

Some herbal supplements, such as aloe vera, turmeric, and boswellia, have anti-inflammatory qualities that may help relieve symptoms of ulcerative colitis, including abdominal pain.

However, it’s essential to speak with a healthcare provider before using herbal remedies, as they may interact with medications or exacerbate certain symptoms.


Effective pain relief is important for improving the quality of life for individuals living with ulcerative colitis. By utilizing a mix of medications, pain management techniques, and complementary therapies, patients can better manage their symptoms and reduce abdominal pain and discomfort associated with UC. However, it’s essential for individuals with UC to work closely with their healthcare providers to create a personalized treatment plan tailored to their specific needs and preferences. With the right approach, people with ulcerative colitis can find relief from pain and enjoy a better quality of life.


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